Mental Health Physical Health


Panic Attacks
Panic Attacks

We can all agree that no one in this world knows what the future will bring if there is one thing. We never know what awaits us in the upcoming year, month, week, hour, minute, or second. And as a result, we can never be certain of how we will respond to situations that are presented to us. Similar is the case with panic attacks. They can happen to anyone at anytime without any warning. Therefore, it’s simple to rejoice when we get good news, but what happens when something unexpectedly startling happens? How should we act in such circumstances? Some people sob some are liberated, and some runaway.

But not all of us possess the fortitude or ability to respond to situations in a manner that is regarded as typical. Have you ever been in a scenario where your heart is racing so quickly that you fear it could stop at any moment, and to make matters worse, you are having trouble breathing? A panic attack is what this is known as scientifically, and it is not a pretty sight to behold or feel.

Most people are familiar with the term “panic attack,” but how much do we know about it? Most of us may not be aware of what occurs physiologically, mentally, or emotionally. What can be done in a circumstance like this, and most importantly, how can we prevent falling victim to this spell? This article will shed ample insight on panic attacks overall.


When there is no immediate danger or obvious reason, a panic attack is a rapid bout of great terror that results in significant bodily symptoms. Panic attacks may be quite terrifying. You could believe you are losing control, experiencing a heart attack, or even going to pass away when panic attacks strike. Your breathing is shallow. You are unable to breathe. Even though you’re not in any danger, you feel paralyzed by dread and could even believe you’re about to die. This is the experience of a panic attack.

The majority of panic episodes last five to twenty minutes. Some have reportedly lasted as long as an hour. Your condition’s severity will determine how many attacks you have. While some people only experience attacks once or twice a month, others do so often. People who have experienced one panic attack are more likely to experience another one than those who have never had one. Panic episodes can be an indication of various anxiety disorders. Panic disorder and panic attacks are two different conditions. You may have the panic disorder if the attacks occur frequently and you worry about experiencing more attacks.


What Takes Place Within Your Body

These severe physical symptoms are a result of your body’s “fight or flight” reaction. Normally, your nervous system activates when you sense a threat. Your bloodstream is flooded with the hormone adrenaline, leaving your system on tenterhooks. A faster pulse causes more blood to be delivered to your muscles. You start to breathe quickly and shallowly so that you can inhale more oxygen. A rise in blood sugar occurs. Your faculties sharpen.

All of these sudden adjustments offer you the strength you require to either escape danger or face a potentially harmful circumstance.

The Process of Your Brain

The brain’s response to panic episodes is currently being researched by scientists. It’s likely that during an episode, the portions of the brain associated with fear become more active. In a recent study, it was shown that individuals with panic disorder showed high levels of activity in a region of the brain associated with the “fight or flight” reaction.

according to other research. Serotonin imbalances, which have an impact on mood, may be related to the illness.


As was previously mentioned, a panic attack is considered to arise when the “flight-or-fight” response is triggered even when there is no immediate danger. The signs of a panic attack might appear while engaging in seemingly stress-free activities like watching television or falling asleep.

The following are some of the triggers that may cause the body to inadvertently activate the “flight-or-fight” response and cause a panic attack:

  • Chronic stress leads the body to create more stress hormones, such as adrenaline, than usual.
  • Acute stress, such as going through a terrible experience, can cause the body to quickly release enormous levels of stress hormones.
  • Because there is insufficient carbon dioxide in the blood, habitual hyperventilation upsets the equilibrium of blood gases.
  • Physical exercise may have dramatic effects on some people.
  • Excessive use of coffee, tea, and other caffeinated beverages. Caffeine is a potent stimulant.
  • Physical changes might result from illness.
  • An abrupt shift in the atmosphere, such as entering a hot, stuffy, or crowded space.


Symptoms of Panic Attacks
Symptoms of Panic Attacks

Sometimes a specific incident or outside stimulation may start a panic episode. The signs of a panic attack might also appear sometimes with no apparent cause. Usually, the symptoms don’t match the degree of risk in your immediate area.

Although there are different types of panic attacks, symptoms often peak within minutes. After a panic episode, you could feel exhausted and worn out.

Some of these symptoms or indicators are frequently present during panic attacks:

  • A feeling of imminent calamity or catastrophe
  • Fear of losing control or passing away
  • A hammering, rapid heartbeat
  • Sweating
  • Shaking or trembling
  • Throat discomfort or shortness of breath
  • Chills
  • A hot flash
  • Nausea
  • Cramps in the abdomen
  • Chest pain
  • Headache
  • Unsteadiness, faintness, or dizziness
  • The feeling of numbness or tingling
  • Unreality or a sense of remoteness

Be mindful that many of these symptoms might also indicate other health issues or disorders, so you might not always be having a panic attack.


Know when you are experiencing a panic attack. Don’t hold onto denial. It is one of the overpowering dread that coexists with one or more of the symptoms described.

Remind yourself that it’s only temporary and not life-threatening. The attack gets worse with the idea that it will never end.


Don’t fight it. I should not be experiencing this, I thought. “What will my neighbors think?” All of these ideas might make you want to fight off your panic attack, such as “I wish I could stop this.” Accept the situation you’re in.

2. Turn off:

Spend some time with your eyes closed. By doing so, you’ll be able to filter out additional or external stimuli and have time to de-stress. Every emotion produces a related respiratory rhythm and physical experience. Pay close attention to your breathing and how your body feels. Most likely, you’ll feel a sharp pain between your belly button and your throat. Deep breathing is important because it helps you control your thinking. Emotions are connected to breathing. By practicing breathing techniques, one may better manage their emotions and thoughts.

3. Apply muscle relaxation methods:

Muscle tension is a sign of a panic attack, and using muscle relaxation methods while having an attack can assist to ease tension and encourage relaxation. The goal of progressive muscle relaxation is to relax the entire body by releasing tension in one set of muscles at a time. Similar to deep breathing, using muscular relaxation techniques can help you halt a panic attack in its tracks by attempting to regulate your body’s reaction

Can a panic attack cause death? If not what are other complications?

Although terrifying, panic episodes are not life-threatening. You won’t get hurt physically during an assault, and it’s doubtful that you’ll need to go to the hospital anyhow.

More women than males have the symptoms of panic disorder, which frequently appear in late adolescence or early adulthood. panic attacks can hurt practically every aspect of your life if not addressed. Your quality of life may be negatively impacted if you live in constant worry of experiencing more panic attacks.

When should you visit a physician?

If you experience the signs of a panic attack, get medical attention right away. , panic attacks can be hard to control on your own, and they could worsen if left untreated.  it’s crucial to get assessed by your primary care physician.

Consider consulting a doctor if you’re worried about panic attacks, especially if:

  • you experience one or more panic attacks, according to a reliable Source, and worry about panic attacks for a month or more.
  • after an attack, you see that your conduct has changed.
  • your worries, fears, or emotions of worry are interfering with your employment, study, or day-to-day activities.

How can one obtain a diagnosis?

If you’ve never had a panic attack before, you might want to get immediate medical help. When suffering a panic attack for the first time, many individuals mistake it for a heart attack. Without a doctor’s assistance, it may be challenging to distinguish between the symptoms.

An attack’s accompanying discomforts, such as a racing heartbeat, might mirror other ailments including heart disease. So, your doctor will likely begin by performing a thorough physical examination on you. They can then confirm that the symptoms are not caused by an illness you were unaware of. To make a diagnosis, your doctor will incorporate the counselor’s suggestions with their observations. Numerous attacks are what medical professionals refer to as panic disorder.

How can you distinguish between a heart attack and a panic attack?

Because both heart attack and panic attack symptoms include chest discomfort, breathlessness, and perspiration, it can be difficult to distinguish between them. However, a careful analysis of the elements will allow you to tell the difference.

In contrast to heart attack chest pains, which typically feel like pressure or squeezing, panic attack chest pains are typically acute or stabbing and localized in the center of the chest. They frequently start from the center but might spread to the shoulders, arms, or jaws.

Additionally, while they may last longer, most panic attacks end within a few minutes, but a heart attack may persist longer and develop worse over time.

Can you treat panic attacks?

  1. Medication

To decrease the physical side effects of your attacks, your doctor could decide that medication should be a part of your treatment. For instance, it may be one of the initial stages. They could suggest:

  • Antidepressants are typically the first line of defense against future panic episodes. Antidepressants were initially used to treat mood disorders including depression and bipolar disorder’s depressed symptoms. Later research revealed that antidepressants might also be used to treat other types of anxiety disorders, such as panic disorder. It has been discovered that antidepressant drugs significantly reduce both the frequency and severity of panic episodes. Antidepressants are frequently prescribed to those who also have co-occurring conditions including depression or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The most often prescribed antidepressants for panic disorder are referred to as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Like other antidepressants, SSRIs have an impact on neurotransmitters, which act as the brain’s chemical messengers. SSRIs specifically target the neurotransmitter serotonin, which is connected to mood. Serotonin levels are brought back into equilibrium by SSRIs, which can aid with mood regulation, anxiety reduction, and sleep improvement. According to research, SSRIs can help to lessen the severity and frequency of panic attacks.
  • Anti-anxiety drugs, sometimes known as tranquilizers, are advised due to their sedative and quick-acting relief. You may feel calmer and more relaxed thanks to the central nervous system-slowing effects of these drugs. Anti-anxiety drugs can significantly lessen the symptoms of panic disorder by assisting someone in feeling less scared and nervous. One family of anti-anxiety drugs that are frequently used and help lessen the intensity of manic episodes is benzodiazepines. Due to the calming effects of these drugs, panic symptoms can be swiftly alleviated and a more relaxed state can be attained. a benzodiazepine, a type of prescription anti-anxiety medication. Doctors may prescribe additional drugs for patients with substance use problems.

2. Counseling( psychotherapy)

Panic attacks can be effectively treated with psychotherapy. A mental health professional can help you deal with unsolved concerns and emotions via psychotherapy. A therapist can also assist you in creating healthy thought patterns and behavioral patterns that will help you manage your symptoms.

“Talk therapy” may be used to start the treatment. You will meet with a counselor who can explain what panic disorder is and how to manage it to you. Therapy should assist you in identifying the events, ideas, or emotions that trigger your attacks as your treatment progresses. Once you comprehend what is going on, those triggers will be less likely to produce problems.

Counseling should also demonstrate to you that you are not physically harmed by the attacks. You will safely and gradually work through your symptoms with the help of your therapist until they no longer feel frightening. That may also assist in stopping the assaults.

Additionally, you’ll learn how to relax so that you can deal with attacks when they do occur. For example, controlling your breathing may help to lessen the intensity of a panic attack. The likelihood of the following one may also decrease. To reap the benefits, you must frequently put these abilities into practice in your daily life.

3. Combining medication and counseling

Your doctor could decide that the best course of treatment for you is a mix of therapy and medication. Typically, this strategy pairs a type of therapy such as cognitive behavioral therapy CBT with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). It has been demonstrated that this combination effectively treats panic disorder. As previously mentioned, benzodiazepines can also be used as a short-term remedy to lessen the symptoms of anxiety.

4. Personal Changes

Creating adjustments to your routine may also help you lessen panic disorder symptoms. These adjustments might involve cutting back on coffee, doing regular exercise, sleeping enough, and giving up smoking.

It may also be beneficial to take action to control your everyday stress levels. Yoga, mindfulness meditation, or some other relaxing exercise may help you manage your anxiety and lessen your symptoms.

What Healthierfolks wants to say?

Many people have panic attacks, which cause them to feel unexpectedly uncomfortable and out of control of a situation, perhaps without understanding why.

It may be extremely terrifying and make you feel as though you are having a heart attack or are out of breath. Unexpected panic episodes can significantly affect your everyday life and happen at any time. Given all of the information above, it ultimately reflects on the person experiencing it. Although there are several strategies for dealing with the circumstance, each individual must be committed to overcoming these attacks. If you encounter a panic attack, it’s best not to panic and to try as hard as you can to relax both your physical and mental selves. Panic episodes are extremely common. If someone you know goes through this, try to remain cool and, most importantly, don’t judge what the victim is going through at the time since, regrettably, neither you nor the victim may understand why the attack happened.

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